By Peter C. Engelman
A historical past of the contraception circulation in the United States tells the intense tale of a bunch of reformers devoted to making birth control felony, available, and appropriate. The engrossing story information how Margaret Sanger's crusade starting in 1914 to problem anti-obscenity legislation criminalizing the distribution of contraceptive info grew into essentially the most far-reaching social reform activities in American historical past. The ebook opens with a dialogue of the historical past of contraception equipment and the criminalization of birth control and abortion within the nineteenth century. Its center, notwithstanding, is an exhilarating narrative of the crusade within the twentieth century, vividly recalling the arrests and indictments, banned courses, imprisonments, confiscations, medical institution raids, mass conferences, and court dramas that publicized the reason around the country. consciousness is paid to the movement's thorny alliances with drugs and eugenics and particularly to its luck in precipitating a profound shift in sexual attitudes that grew to become using birth control into a suitable social and clinical perform. ultimately, the contraception move is associated with court-won privateness protections and the present-day circulate for reproductive rights.
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Additional resources for A History of the Birth Control Movement in America (Healing Society: Disease, Medicine, and History)
Weakened by each successive pregnancy, she died of tuberculosis at age 50 in 1899. ” Although well provided for and cared for, the Higgins children grew up with few expectations that any would move beyond the provincialism of Corning, dominated by its famous glass factory. Sanger aspired to something more. She had a passing * See, for instance, Ellen Chesler’s biography, Woman of Valor (1992; revised 2007), The Selected Papers of Margaret Sanger, Vols. 1–3 (2003–2010), and the ﬁlm documentary, Margaret Sanger, that aired on PBS in 1998.
14 One quasi-quack, A. M. Mauriceau of New York, charged customers an exorbitant $10 to send them the “French secret,” probably an alum powder douching solution that he advertised in his pamphlets. Mauriceau (the alias was meant to evoke 10 A History of the Birth Control Movement in America French sexual expertise and savoir-faire) was actuality Joseph Trow. He probably worked with his sister, Ann Trow Lohman, better known as the infamous New York City abortionist, Madame Restell. He (or they) wrote another sought-after guide, The Married Woman’s Private Medical Companion—much of it taken verbatim from Owen’s work—which was published in at least nine editions in the 15 years before the Civil War.
However, the trend toward smaller families was evident decades before this massive economic growth and migration of jobs from rural farms to urban factories. Birth rate declines began before technological innovation, increased mobility, and, notably, before public health campaigns reduced infant mortality rates. Historians have oﬀered a great deal of speculative logic rather than a singular explanation. Improvements in education and literacy rates, secularization, more open attitudes about sexuality, a greater emphasis on love and intimacy in marriage, and an emerging small family ideal modeled by the wealthy—all of these changes may have played a role in motivating couples to limit family size.