By Andrew Thorpe
After 13 years in strength, Labour by surprise again to being the celebration of competition in 2010. This new version of A heritage of the British Labour Party brings us up to date, interpreting Gordon Brown's interval in place of work and the Labour social gathering less than the management of Ed Miliband. Andrew Thorpe's research has been the top single-volume textual content at the Labour occasion because its first version in 1997 and has now been completely revised all through to incorporate new approaches.
This new edition:
• covers the whole lot of the party's background, from 1900 to 2014
• examines the explanations for the party's formation, and its goals
• analyses the party's successes and screw ups, together with its upward thrust to moment get together prestige and noteworthy restoration from its difficulties within the 1980s
• discusses the most occasions and personalities of the Labour occasion, reminiscent of MacDonald, Attlee, Wilson, Blair and Brown
With his approachable type and authoritative demeanour, Thorpe has created crucial examining for college students of political heritage, and someone wishing to familiarise themselves with the heritage and improvement of 1 of Britain's significant political parties.
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Extra resources for A History of the British Labour Party
This is usually seen as a poor choice, given that Hardie was clearly a less able organizer than Shackleton. But the former's appeal within the party was broader than that of his rival, and he was, at least, a useful figurehead, behind whom Shackleton (vice chairman), MacDonald (secretary) and Henderson (chief whip) could do business. Later, the chairmanship rotated in turn to Henderson (1908-10) and George Barnes (1910-11). It is perhaps significant that by 1911 Henderson had decided that the party was best led by a moderate socialist, rather than a leading trade unionist.
When the Bolsheviks seized power that November and published the secret treaties between the Tsarist regime and Britain (among others), new urgency was added, and a special party conference in November adopted a 'Memorandum on War Aims', which essentially accepted UDC policy, including a League of Nations. 28 The result was that many UDCers now saw Labour as the party most likely to fulfil their aims. 29 Secondly, further urgency was added to the recasting of the Labour party constitution. This would have happened in any case, given the extension of the franchise which was now planned and the fact that the party was better resourced than ever before.
The following year, a group had broken off to form the Socialist party of Great Britain. The SDF (renamed the Social Democratic party in 1907) remained the most significant force, but made little progress. However, in 1911 left ILPers, including Grayson, led a secession to join the Social Democrats in a new British Socialist party (BSP). The BSP hoped to outflank Labour, but although it claimed 40 000 members at the outset, this figure had fallen by two-thirds by 1914. Its attempt to defeat Labour from without having failed, it applied for affiliation to the Labour party, and this was finally accepted in 1916.