By Simin Karimi
This examine addresses the issues scrambling langauges supply for the present syntactic theories via studying the interplay of semantic and discourse practical elements with syntactic homes of note order during this kind of languages, and through discussing the results of this interplay for common Grammar. 3 interrelated ambitions are conscientiously during this paintings. the 1st is to research the syntactic constitution of Persian, a language which indicates unfastened note order. With this research, the writer has accounted for the relative order of categorised expressions, the inducement for his or her attainable rearrangements, and the grammatical result of these reorderings. during this admire, a wide variety of significant syntactic phenomena, together with item shift, Case, prolonged Projection precept (EPP), binding, and scope interpretation of quantifiers, interrogative words, adverbial words, and detrimental components are tested. This monograph is the 1st significant theoretical paintings ever released on Persian, and for that reason fills the prevailing hole through delivering perception into the syntactic constitution of this language. the second one aim is to attach those insights to related linguistic homes in languages within which scrambling happens (e.g. German, Dutch, Hindi, Russian, eastern, and Korean), and to supply a deeper realizing of this workforce of genetically various, yet typologically comparable languages. the ultimate and crucial target is to situate the result of this paintings in the framework of the Minimalist software (MP). The investigations during this research point out that scrambling isn't really an non-compulsory rule, and that definite rules of MP, equivalent to the minimum hyperlink , are just doubtless violated in those languages. moreover, it truly is proven that cautious research of scrambling with admire to binding and scope family, and a reanalysis of the houses of A and A' activities, forged a few doubts at the relevance of a typology of flow in ordinary language.
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Additional info for A Minimalist Approach to Scrambling: Evidence from Persian
In (12b), the quantifier is stranded in its base-position. The sentence in (12c) illustrates an instance of LDS, followed by another movement whereby the quantifier is stranded in intermediate position. 40 Chapter 2: Literature on Scrambling At first glance, the combination of *hama-ro gilâs-â-ro cannot be a base form since râ takes scope over the entire DP (Karimi 2001). Thus, the appearance of gilâs-â-ro in the initial position of the matrix clause in (12b) and (12c) does not seem to be the result of a syntactic movement.
In section 2, the base-generation approach is discussed. Scrambling as syntactic movement is addressed in section 3. Scrambling and typology of movement is the subject of section 4. Concluding remarks follow in section 5. 2. ). 1. Base-generation approach: pre-MP views From a base-generation point of view, some authors consider scrambling languages to be nonconfigurational. That is, the structure of the clause is as- Base-generation approach 35 sumed to be flat in these languages (Hale 1980 and Farmer 1980 for Japanese; Haider 1988 for German; T.
The third argument against a base-generation approach to scrambling comes from two sets of ill-formed data exhibiting scrambling out of different types of islands. It is well-known that movement out of syntactic islands is blocked (Ross 1968, Chomsky 1977, and work thereafter). If scrambling were the result of Merge, the ungrammaticality of these data would remain unexplained. The first set of data shows scrambling out of complex DP constructions. ’ The sentence in (18) represents scrambling out of the complement clause of a noun, while those in (19)–(21) exemplify scrambling out of relative clauses.