By Richard S. Katz
Political events and elections are the mainsprings of contemporary democracy. during this vintage quantity, Richard S. Katz explores the matter of the way a given electoral procedure impacts the position of political events and how within which celebration contributors are elected. He develops and exams a idea of the variations within the unity, ideological habit, and factor orientation of Western parliamentary events at the foundation of the electoral structures below which they compete. a regular within the box of political idea and notion, The concept of events and the Electoral System contributes to a greater knowing of parliamentary social gathering buildings and demonstrates the broad application of the rationalistic method for explaining habit derived from the self-interest of political actors.
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Additional resources for A Theory of Parties and Electoral Systems
For the most part, it is immediately apparent to which class any particular system belongs. The quintessential plurality systems, like those of the United States or Great Britain, use single-member plurality elections, or the "first past the post" system, Here candidates present themselves as individuals, either with or without the benefit of party backing and either with or without party affiliation identified on the ballot. There is one position to be filled and each voter casts a single ballot The one candidate who receives the most votes is elected, whether or not he had a majority and regardless of how well his opponents may have done.
On the other hand, as the population of a district grows, the proportion of the voters that can be known by a single candidate must shrink, and so this type of appeal must be supplemented with less direct appeals. This difference may be multiplied by its interaction with the number of deputies per district. Assuming that the size of the legislature remains constant, multimember districts can be constructed only by increasing the number of voters in each one. This is likely to reduce the scope of personal and local appeals, as just discussed.
4 are consistent with the ideologically defined position illustrated in Figure 2,3, commitment to the entire position would be a distinct embarrassment to each of them. Just as votes are valued in terms of more or less, rather than absolute numbers, so candidates will wish to take relative, rather than absolute, issue positions. If redistribution of income, for example, is an important issue, each candidate competing under a plurality formula would be expected to stress only that he favored more or less redistribution than his optimal enemy in the district.