By Simon Hug
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Extra resources for Altering Party Systems: Strategic Behavior and the Emergence of New Political Parties in Western Democracies
This model attempts to fonnalize the process that I have laid out by use of the three tales in the previous chapter. Therefore, I do not follow the tradition of game-theoretic models on candidate entry. These traditional models use almost exclusively models of spatial competition. As I showed above, these models do not easily lead to empirically relevant insights. Choosing an alternative fonnalization allows me to do precisely this. To present it, I will first outline its general thrust with arguments made in the substantive literature.
While the process described in the previous paragraph gives a heavily stylized picture on new party formation, it appears to be shared by the three tales. This process seems to unravel largely independent of context, whether the resulting new party is genuinely new as in the first two tales or a fission as in the last tale. In the next chapter, I attempt to show that this picture finds considerable support in the literature on changes in party systems. Consequently, I will try to formalize this process in a theoretical model, which should allow me to gain additional and more focused insights into the emergence of new political parties.
In this chapter, I propose a theoretical model for the study of new par37 38 Altering Party Systems ties. It emphasizes the interaction between established parties and groups that contemplate forming a new party in a given polity. These potential challengers address neglected demands or new issues. I I argue that this interaction contains strategic elements, which are best addressed with the aid of a game-theoretic model. The argument in favor of using a game-theoretic model for studying the emergence of new parties appears in the first section.