By Ron Field
The Mississippi River performed a decisive position within the American Civil conflict. The accomplice fortifications that managed the reduce Mississippi valley have been positioned to the try out within the long Federal crusade of 1862-63. Vicksburg was once a fort urban, referred to as the "Gibraltar of the Confederacy," whose catch is usually noticeable because the key to victory within the struggle.
This publication explores the fortifications of the river valley, targeting Vicksburg and its defenses which boasted a community of forts, rifle pits, and cannon embrasures surrounding the town and analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the fortifications while below siege. additionally tested are a variety of different fortified strongholds, together with New Orleans, Port Hudson, New Madrid and, forts Henry and Donelson, all lavishly illustrated with complete colour paintings and cutaways.
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Additional info for American Civil War Fortifications
With a shortage of ammunition, the Confederates had to be economic with its use. According to Captain A. C. Roberts, 23rd Alabama Infantry, in the Square Fort: “The ﬁre from our trenches upon the enemy was slow and deliberate. com The sharpshooters Renowned as a “ﬁne shot,” Lieutenant Colonel William E. Strong, an ofﬁcer of the 12th Wisconsin Infantry on the staff of General J. B. McPherson, is shown here among Federal sharpshooters in a riﬂe trench in the Vicksburg siege lines. Based on an original sketch by Theodore R.
Com 2 6 1 1 2 5 3 5 0 5 10 15 3 20 Scale for section views 25ft 4 The Stockade Redan complex during the siege of Vicksburg This rare view behind the Confederate lines near the Stockade Redan at Vicksburg is based on a sketch made with “a glass” from the Federal riﬂe pits. The poplar-wood palisade is seen at center, while at left Confederate troops dig a riﬂe trench, which is possibly the beginning of the traverse behind the main redan. (Author’s collection) 36 The Stockade Redan The Stockade Redan was the principal work guarding the Graveyard Road approach to Vicksburg, and represented the northernmost point in the city defenses.
According to chief engineer Captain Frederick Prime, the “compactness of the alluvial soil” underneath the Vicksburg region made lining for mining galleries unnecessary. The Confederates tried unsuccessfully to stop them with numerous countermines. The ﬁrst Federal mine was dug toward the Third Louisiana Redan, the tunnel of which was 3ft wide, 4ft high and 40ft long. On June 25, 1863 the Federals detonated (or “sprang”) 2,200 lb. of explosives and blasted a crater 35ft wide by 12ft deep. A soldier in the 3rd Louisiana reported: “Suddenly the earth under our feet gave a convulsive shudder and with a mufﬂed roar, a mighty column of earth, men, poles, spades, and guns arose many feet in the air.